Who Needs Treatment

Crowding of the Teeth

Crowding is the lack of space for all the teeth to fit normally within the jaws. The teeth may be twisted or displaced. Crowding occurs when there is disharmony in the tooth to jaw size relationship or when the teeth are larger than the available space. Crowding can be caused by improper eruption of teeth and early or late loss of primary teeth.


Crowding should be corrected because it can:
prevent proper cleaning of all the surfaces of your teeth
cause dental decay
increase the chances of gum disease
prevent proper functioning of teeth
make your smile less attractive


How can crowding be orthodontically corrected?
Extra space can be created by expansion of the arches or extraction of teeth. Once space is created, braces will eliminate crowding and align the teeth. Correction of crowding can help prevent dental decay and periodontal disease by improving the ability to remove plaque from the teeth.


 

Spacing of the Teeth
Spacing (the opposite of crowding), is an excess of space for your teeth which results in gaps between your teeth. This generally occurs when the teeth are smaller than the available space. Spacing can also be caused by protrusive teeth, missing teeth, impacted teeth or abnormal tissue attachments to the gums.


Spacing should be corrected because it can:
result in gum problems due to the lack of protection by the teeth
prevent proper functioning of the teeth
make your smile less attractive


How can spacing of the teeth be orthodontically corrected?
The spaces can be closed by moving the teeth together and properly aligning them within the arch.


 

Impacted Teeth

Impactions can be caused by improper positioning of the developing tooth bud. This can cause the tooth to fail to erupt into the mouth. Impactions can also be caused by early loss of primary teeth or crowding of teeth. Wisdom teeth are the most commonly impacted teeth. Canines and premolars can also be impacted.


This problem should be corrected because it can:
cause damage to the root structure of adjacent teeth
interfere with the sinus cavity
leave unwanted spaces
lead to improper functioning of the teeth
cause premature wear of the teeth
case asymmetric alignment of the teeth


 

Missing teeth
Missing teeth is the absence of a tooth or teeth that should normally be present. This can be caused by trauma or lack of development.


This problem should be corrected because it can:
cause improper functioning of teeth
cause premature wear of teeth
cause asymmetric alignment of the teeth
make your smile less attractive

 

 

Growth modifications
These are possible only in the growing age of a child. In case a parent notices something irregular about the teeth of their child it is important to show an orthodontist immediately as certain conditions can be treated only during growth. Orthodontists take advantage of such growth and mould teeth and jaws accoordingly. Usually teeth and their irregualrities are hereditary.


 

Proclination of teeth (forwardly placed teeth)
One of the most commonly faced problems in orthodontics. Forwardly placed teeth should be corrected as:
It becomes difficult to close your lips due to the protrusion.
As a proper lip seal is not established, your gums get inflamed this leads to bleeding gums and loosening of teeth.
You end up looking much better.